Improving Jawi single letters recognizing skills using TNG Techniques for year one students


  • Muhammad Mustaqim Azman


recognizing skills, Jawi alphabet, teaching practice, Islamic Education, “TnG” technique


This research was conducted to overcome the difficulty of pupils in recognizing the Jawi alphabet. The main focus of this research is to improve year one pupils' skills to recognize Jawi alphabet (cha), (nga), (pa), (ga) and (va) and improve the teaching strategy implemented by teachers in the classroom through effective teaching strategies. The “TnG” technique was implemented in this study which emphasizes the use of pictorial dots and colors to achieve the objectives of the study. A total of 6 pupils were selected based on diagnostic tests. The study model of Kemmis and Mc Targgart (1988) was also used as a guide. The data collection methods used were pre and post-test, observations and interviews. The findings of the study showed that the pupils’ skill of recognizing the Jawi alphabet increased from 13.3 to 96.7. The research outcome also supported by positive behavior showed by pupils in this research through observation. Meanwhile, the interviews supported the finding that the "TnG” technique used by the teachers enriched pupils’ interest in learning Jawi as well as improve pupils’ active participation in the classroom. In conclusion, the “TnG" technique effectively improves the skills of recognizing the Jawi alphabet and improving the teaching strategies for Islamic teachers.

Author Biography

Muhammad Mustaqim Azman

SK Pangi Kunak, Sabah




How to Cite

Muhammad Mustaqim Azman. (2021). Improving Jawi single letters recognizing skills using TNG Techniques for year one students. Journal of Contemporary Social Science and Education Studies (JOCSSES) E-ISSN- 2785-8774, 1(2), 29–36. Retrieved from