The Construction of a Valid and Reliable Instrument to Measure Virtual Learning Environment Success


  • Hapini Awang
  • Mat Rahimi Yusof
  • Athirah Rosli
  • Ramlan Mustapha
  • Abdulrazak F.Shahatha Al-Mashhadani


Instrument Development; Scale Development; Questionnaire; VLE Success, Virtual Learning Environment


The Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) technology has become an essential element to support 21st-century teaching and learning approaches. To ensure that this technology can be employed effectively by the teachers, the assessment of VLE success is necessary. However, few measures of VLE success amongst teachers exist. Therefore, this article describes the process of the development and validation of a questionnaire to measure the VLE success from the teacher’s point of view. The construction of this questionnaire has been done through a series of procedures, starting by generating the items, conducting face validation and content validation, translating, as well as piloting the questionnaire to a number of selected respondents. As a result, 45 robust items to evaluate VLE success among teachers have been yielded.


Author Biographies

Hapini Awang

School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia 

Mat Rahimi Yusof

School of Education, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia

Athirah Rosli

Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia

Ramlan Mustapha

Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Malaysia

Abdulrazak F.Shahatha Al-Mashhadani

Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia




How to Cite

Awang, H. ., Yusof, M. R. ., Rosli, A. ., Mustapha, R. ., & Abdulrazak F.Shahatha Al-Mashhadani. (2021). The Construction of a Valid and Reliable Instrument to Measure Virtual Learning Environment Success . Journal of Contemporary Social Science and Education Studies (JOCSSES), 1(2), 1–13. Retrieved from

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