“PARAH” Techniques Improving Student In Direction For Year Four


  • Muhammad Mustaqim Azman




Direction Arabic pedagogical practice


Arabic presents a great challenge to teachers and pupils in-home teaching and learning situations (PdPr). Hence, the study was conducted to overcome the interest of students for Arabic language headings among fourth-year students. The main focus of the study was to increase the interest of pupils among year four pupils and improve the teaching practices of Arabic teachers in the classroom. The PARAH method has been used in this study which emphasizes the use of replicas in waste materials to achieve the study's objectives. A total of 4 study participants were selected based on low-performance levels through classroom assessment, lack of concentration when teachers taught and boredom. The Lewin study model (1946) was also used as a guide. The methods of data collection used are observation, analysis of documents and interviews. The findings showed that students' interest in Arabic subjects for directional titles increased by 32.5 per cent to 90 per cent and were supported by interviews of study participants who agreed with the "PARAH" technique. Based on the observations carried out, positive behaviour by the study participants was also supporting material. The results of the teacher's interview proved that "PARAH" actively assists the involvement of students during the PdPr. In conclusion, the " PARAH " technique effectively increased pupils' interest in Arabic titles and improved pedagogical practice for Arabic teachers

Author Biography

Muhammad Mustaqim Azman

SK Pangi Kunak, Sabah




How to Cite

Azman, M. M. . (2022). “PARAH” Techniques Improving Student In Direction For Year Four. Journal of Contemporary Social Science and Education Studies (JOCSSES) E-ISSN- 2785-8774, 2(1), 144–155. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10314017